What Are Clinical Trials?
Clinical trials are carefully designed research studies that evaluate the efficacy of a new drug for cancer screening, prevention, diagnosis, or treatment. They contribute to new advances in cancer treatment, and help to reduce cancer incidence, morbidity and mortality.
Clinical trials are categorized according to one of three phases:
The SwedishAmerican Regional Cancer Center's oncology research program provides access to a variety of phase II and phase III trials, includes an organized system for conducting and monitoring trials, and employs two full-time oncology nurses who are experts in clinical research protocols and programs.
- Phase I trials involve treatments used on humans for the first time
- Phase II trials have proven efficacy with certain types of cancer
- Phase III trials involve the enhancement of existing treatments with new drugs